Causes to Support - Integrated Slum Development
than 200 million people still live in poverty. Delhi alone is home to some 8 million
residents living in substandard settlements without basic facilities. Integrated
development includes the needs of slum dwellers in the areas of health, literacy,
awareness, nutrition, family planning, environmental awareness, waste management,
sanitation, cleanliness and provision of some basic skills of employment.
1. Health Hygiene and Sanitation
2. Non Formal
3. Training and Skill Development
5. Micro- Credit
here for General NGOs List
Now for the cause of Integrated Slum Development
Health and Hygiene
residents have little or no access to potable water and sanitation.The deplorable
condition of the slum dwellers has prompted policy makers to coopt many NGOs for
the establishment of 'Neighbourhood Committees, which are mandated to look into
the location and provision of health facilities, Preventive health messages on
general health/hygiene, malnutrition, immunisation, early cancer screening, HIV/AIDS,
drug abuse and female infanticide are some of the issues being taken up. Involvement
of community in sanitation and the role of women in this activity are being emphasised.
Some relevant websites:
Non-formal education became part of the international discourse
on education policy in the late 1960s and early 1970s. It can be seen as related
to the concepts of recurrent and lifelong learning. Tight (1996: 68) suggests
that whereas the latter concepts have to do with the extension of education and
learning throughout life, non-formal education is about 'acknowledging the importance
of education, learning and training which takes place outside recognized educational
institutions'. Four characteristics can be associated with non-formal education:
Relevance to the needs of disadvantaged groups.
Concern with specific
categories of person.
A focus on clearly defined purposes.
in organisation and methods.
In many countries the notion of non-formal
education is not common in internal policy debates - preferred alternatives being
community education and community learning, informal education and social pedagogy.
Training and Skill Development
of slum dwellers in development programs /governance is important as it reflects
the people's will and confidence. There is a need to sensitise and impart training
to the personnel involved in city planning practices. Orientation and training
on aspects like public health, hygiene and sanitation, leadership, communication
skills as well as on group dynamics and personality development are needed.
PLA (Participatory Learning and Action) methods have been employed by local
NGOs with communities to understand them, assess their needs, formulate goals
/objectives based on the identified needs, and assess resources and constraints
Training in micro level skills for generating income have yielded beneficial results.
Some relevant websites:
Years ago, computer literacy
was defined in terms of specific knowledge of computer technology and terminology.
Today, it is regarded more as a continuum of awareness, skills, experience, and
attitudes based on the age and capabilities of the individual.
is a tool for learning-and finding out about things, and for expressing and creating
things. Basic operational skills learned by immersion in a variety of software
A body of successful experiences that over time develop within
a individual an intuitive feel for dealing with new things that he encounters
in a computer environment. Typical examples are how to navigate a new program
and how to "trouble-shoot" when something isn't working.
of discovery, mastery, purposefulness, and pleasure in using computers.
The field of Microfinance sector is both old and new - people have always
been borrowing, lending and saving for as long as there has been money (and in
kind before). They have done this within their own communities, using their own
systems and methods, without any external 'assistance' or resources. The sector
is new in that it has primarily developed as a response to the inability or apathy
of commercial banks and the formal financial system to serve the needs of low-income
households and micro enterprises.
dwellers are engaged in the city in various informal sectors of the economy to
earn a living. They provide a network of services that the middle and upper classes
enjoy and have the power to bring to a halt the entire urban system. Their prevailing
unsanitary living conditions and other social constraints compel a large number
of this population to turn towards antisocial activities. NGOs have developed
capsule courses focusing on social messages like industrial safety, suicide prevention,
drug abuse, literacy and preventive health practices.