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Causes to Support - Women

Women are 50% of the world's invisible population. They are the victims of inequality in every sphere that they exist.

Issues

1. Reproductive Health Issues
2. Right to Good Health and Nutrition
3. Education
4. Training and Skill Development
5. Savings and Micro Credit
6. Legal Awareness and Property Rights
7. Women Empowerment
8. Violence against Women
9. Prostitution
10. Gender Discrimination
11. Political Awareness & Participation

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Donate Now for the cause of Women

Reproductive/Health Issues

The sex ratio in the 0-6 category has declined from 945 females to 927 for every 1000 males: indicating an increase in female foeticide all over the country.
Women bear the burden of sterilisation programmes. The greatest invisiblity of women prevails in health issues. Reproductive health strategies to meet women's multiple needs including education for responsible and healthy sexuality, safe and appropriate contraception, and services for STD, RTI, pregnancy and abortion. Reproductive issues are inextricably linked with reproductive rights.


Some relevant websites:


http://www.wcd.nic.in/

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Right to good health/ Nutrition

Malnutrition among women is 36.3%
The prevalence of anemia among pregnant women is over 80%. Poverty and poor purchasing power have been identified as two major factors responsible for low dietary intake. NGOs have initiated major nutrition intervention programmes to improve the health status of women and children and bringing down mortality.


Some relevant websites:


http://www.ncw-india.org

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Education

India is home to the largest number of illiterate women in the world. The literacy rate for women is just 39.19%, and more than 56% drop out before they reach mid level in school. In rural India, out of every 100 girls who enrol in Class I, only 1 enters Class XII. In urban areas the position is only slightly better with 14 girls entering in Class XII. Kerala has near universal literacy, while the lowest is in Rajasthan, 20.8% Female literacy still represents an area of major concern. Large scale programs initiated by NGOs have tried to strengthen links with the community and have been able to draw "out of school" adolescent girls into formal education.

Some relevant websites:


http://www.jagori.com/training.htm
wcd.nic.in/mos/achieve.htm
wcd.nic.in/web2/ignou1.htm
wcd.nic.in/cedaw4.htm

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Training & Skill Development

Of the total 22.27% female work participation, main workers contributed 16.03% and marginal workers 6.24%.Women constitute 90% of the total marginal workers of the country.
There are wide regional variations in work participation rates within the country from 4% to 34%.
Women find employment mostly as casual labour in agriculture and the growing informal sector.
Efforts by NGOs focus attention on poor women. Their aim is to train and provide them opportunities of self-employment to improve their social and economic status. They also encourage the habit of thrift and credit among them to improve the welfare and quality of life of the family and community.


Some relevant websites:


rmk.nic.in
www.workingwomensforum.org/
http://www.unifem.org/

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Legal Awareness and Property Rights

In rural India only 13% of women inherited land from their fathers, as daughters.
In the rural areas the daughters marry and leave the village hence no inheritance rights exist. The government schemes also allot land to male household heads. An adult married son gets compensation for displacement but the adult daughter gets nothing. In case of women headed households the land goes to the woman's son in Bihar. NGOs are working closely with women to generate awareness regarding their legal rights and help them get land by extending loan facilities to buy land in groups.


Some relevant websites:

wcd.nic.in/mos/achieve.htm

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Women Empowerment

2001 is being observed as "Women Empowerment Year".Men and women are equal partners in development and women would be empowered if they have the skills for social analysis, and understand the causes of disparity and inequality. Widespread efforts by NGOs to improve the access of women to national resources and ensure their rightful place in the mainstream of economic development are beginning to have positive results.

Self Help Groups (SHGs) of women in India have been recognized as an effective strategy for the empowerment of women in rural as well as urban areas.Bringing women together from all spheres of life to fight for their rights or a cause. Since the overall empowerment of women is crucially dependent on economic empowerment, women through these SHGs work on a range of issues such as health, nutrition, agriculture, forestry, besides income generation activities and seeking micro credit.

http://www.ncw-india.org

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Violence against women

Living in a patriarchal society and in a culture that justifies the secondary status of women, women are exposed to constant violence from men/women. Violence may take various forms. These may be physical, sexual, verbal, societal, emotional, financial, intellectual or various forms of denial like denial of education, food, health care, political rights, legal rights, information, and the like. Violence against women is recognized as a violation of their human rights and a deterrent to development.

Some relevant websites:

wcd.nic.in/mos/achieve.htm

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Prostitution

Over 3.5 million AIDS victims in India and they are continually rising. Women constitute as much as 21% of this distribution, mostly in the age range of 15-45 years. Work is being done by NGOs in creating awareness among communities about HIV/AIDS/ STD to provide and facilitate access to health services, generate IEC material, implement targeted intervention programmes for behavior change in people at risk. They also assist in carrying out advocacy programmes to protect human rights and counter discrimination against people with HIV/ AIDS.

Some relevant websites:

http://www.Indiainfo.com/account/message/InBOX/322.html
wcd.nic.in/mos/achieve.htm
www.action4india.org

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Political Awareness and Participation

73rd amendment providing 33% reservation for women in all elected political bodies is still sitting on Parliament shelves.Though women's participation in gram panchayats/samitis and nagar parishads started a new revolution, most women still suffer humiliation when they wish to assert themselves. The patriarchal structures of governance do not permit women to grow in self-reliance and self esteem. Any development efforts that do not involve sufficient percentage of women in the planning, decision-making and implementation procedures will not benefit women.

Some relevant websites:

www.pria.org
www.jagori.org

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GOVERNMENT SCHEMES

1) The establishment of the National Commission for Women (NCW),
2) Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK), National Credit Fund
3) Balika Samriddhi Yojana (BSY)
4) Rural Women's Development & Empowerment Project (RWDEP )
5) National Nutrition Policy (NNP)
6) Integrated Child Development Scheme(ICDS)Training Component of ICDS funded by World Bank
7) National Creche Fund (NCF),
8) Indira Mahila Yojana (IMY),
9) Reproductive and Child Health Scheme (RCH)
10) Adolescent Girls Scheme
11) Working Women's Hostels Scheme
12) STEP,
13) Research and Publication Scheme
14) Distance EducationScheme in collaboration with IGNOU
15) Stree Shakti Puraskar
16) Food Credit Scheme
17) Land Acquisition / Land Redemption / Land Leasing Assistance
18) Health / Consumption Needs Assistance
19) Skill Upgradation Support
20) Education and Training Support
21) Crop Credit /Off Farm Activities Support

GOVERNMENT POLICIES

The major policy initiatives undertaken by the Department

1) The National Policy for Empowerment of Women
2) A National Resource Centre for Women.
3) Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW).
4) The Commonwealth Plan of Action on Gender and Development.


Related sites

http://rmk.nic.in/
http://www.indianngos.com
http://www.education.nic.in/htmlweb/sche.htm#ewe
http://wcd.nic.in/mos/achieve.htm

For details on Government Schemes for women click here:

http://wcd.nic.in/schdet.htm

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